How to spot and treat heart attack

heart attack

We all know that our heart muscles need oxygen for proper functioning. A heart attack occurs due to the reduction/cut-off in the blood flow that carries oxygen brings oxygen to the heart muscle. This happens when the coronary arteries become narrow from a buildup of fat cholesterol and other substances.

When the coronary arteries get blocked, a person experiences chest pain and electrical instability of the heart muscle tissue.

Read more: What are the Benefits to Keep the Heart Healthy?

The following are the key pointers mentioned by MNT Knowledge Center about how and why heart attacks occur, how to treat them and how to prevent them.

  • During a heart attack, the heart muscle loses its blood supply and becomes damaged.
  • Chest discomfort and pain are common symptoms.
  • The risk of heart attack increases when a man is over 45 and a woman is over 55.
  • Smoking and obesity are major factors, particularly in the age range of risk.

There are obvious symptoms of a heart attack that require immediate medical attention.

A feeling of pressure, tightness, pain, squeezing, or pain in the chest or arms that extend to the neck, jaw, or back can be a sign that a person is having a heart attack.

Other possible signs and symptoms of a heart attack are:

  • Cough
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Pain in chest
  • Dizziness
  • Shortness of breath known as dyspnea
  • Face brown
  • A feeling of terror that life is ending
  • Looks awful, usually
  • Discomfort
  • Clumsy and sweaty
  • Shortness of breath

Changing the condition does not reduce the pain of the heart attack. The pain a person feels is normally consistent, although it can sometimes come and go.

Warning signs

Since heart attacks can be fatal, it is important to recognize the warning signs that an attack is occurring.

While the symptoms listed above are all associated with heart attacks, there are four warning signs listed by the American Heart Association (AHA) as an important sign of an attack. This includes:

  • Restlessness, pressure, squeeze or chest fullness that lasts or resolves for several minutes
  • Pain or discomfort in the hands, neck, back, abdomen or jaw
  • Shortness of breath

Other signs may include a cold sweat, a sick or feeling of nausea or a lighthouse.

When a person has these symptoms, emergency services should be called immediately.


There are two types of complications that can occur after a heart attack. The first is very straight and the second is later.

Immediate complications

  • Arrhythmia: The heart beats irregularly, either very fast or very slowly.
  • Cardiogenic shock: A person’s blood pressure drops suddenly and the heart is not able to supply enough blood to the body to function properly.
  • Hypoxemia: the oxygen level in the blood is greatly reduced.
  • Pulmonary edema: Fluids accumulate in and around the lungs.
  • DVT or deep vein thrombosis: Blood clots develop in the deep veins of the legs and pelvis that block or obstruct blood flow to the vein.
  • Myocardial rupture: A heart attack damages the heart wall, which means the rupture of the heart wall.
  • Ventricular aneurysm: A heart chamber, known as the ventricle, forms a bulge.

Complications that may occur later

  • Aneurism: Scar tissue forms on the damaged heart wall, affecting blood clots, low blood pressure, and abnormal heart rhythms.
  • Angina: Not enough oxygen reaches the heart, causing chest pain.
  • Heart failure Failure: The heart can only beat very weakly, causing the person to feel tired and have trouble breathing.
  • Edema: Fluids accumulate in the ankles and feet, causing swelling in them.
  • Loss of erectile function: Erectile dysfunction is usually caused by a vascular problem. However, it can also be the result of depression.
  • Loss of libido: Loss of sexual drive can occur, especially in the case of men.
  • Pericarditis: The lining of the heart swells, causing chest pain.

It is important that a doctor monitors a person for several months after a heart attack to keep a check on the patient. If you are looking for the best heart specialist. All you have to do is call Credihealth + 91-8010994994 or visit the Credihealth online portal. Credihealth medical experts will assist you in booking appointments with Fortis Hospital Noida according to your time and place.

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